Published: Thu, November 01, 2018
Global | By Craig Ferguson

Things you need to know about USA birthright citizenship

Things you need to know about USA birthright citizenship

With congressional elections a week away, President Donald Trump on Tuesday said he will seek to scrap the right of citizenship for US -born children of non-citizens and illegal immigrants as he tries again to dramatically reshape immigration policies.

Trump's plans to end the policy further escalates his administration's efforts to promote immigration as a major campaign issue before the November 6 midterm elections.

"You know, as a conservative, I'm a believer in following the plain text of the Constitution, and I think in this case the 14th Amendment is pretty clear, and that would involve a very, very lengthy constitutional process", Ryan told Kentucky's WVLK radio station on Tuesday.

Speaking to reporters before leaving the White House for a campaign rally in Florida, Trump compared his plan to act by executive order to President Barack Obama's much-maligned decision to use executive action to provide protections from prosecution and a path to work status for some people brought to the US illegally as children.

"No. 2, you can definitely do it with an act of Congress, but now they are saying I can just do it with an executive order".

Trump was asked if he believed that he could get rid of birthright citizenship without changing the Constitution.

Some conservatives, however, maintain the amendment was merely meant to provide citizenship to babies born in the U.S.to legal permanent residents. "It's ridiculous. It's ridiculous and it has to end", he said. In the 1898 decision United States v. Wong Kim Arc, the High Court ruled that a Chinese-American man who was born in the U.S.to parents who were Chinese nationals was a United States citizen.

Ryan, who is retiring from Congress after this term, said Tuesday that Trump "obviously" could not end birthright citizenship through executive action, and legal scholars are divided on whether even Congress can do it by legislation.

The Pentagon announced Monday the deployment of 5,200 active-duty troops to beef up security along the US-Mexico border in a bid to prevent the migrant caravan from illegally crossing the frontier.

In an interview with Axios, the president said he plans to issue an executive order challenging how the 14th Amendment is applied to children of undocumented immigrants in the United States.

Trump has characterized the caravan as "an invasion of our country".

Next Tuesday's poll is the first chance Americans have had to deliver a verdict on President Trump through the ballot box.

Some of Trump's obsequious, knee-jerk supporters have been quick to side with him on birthright citizenship, including advisor Kellyanne Conway (who claimed that the 14th Amendment is being "misinterpreted and misused") and Sen.

The president revealed his plans during an interview with Axios, which aired on the morning of October 30.

We'll have more on Trump's attempts to circumvent the 14th Amendment's birthright citizenship clause after headlines with historian and author Martha Jones. The issue hasn't been settled by the Supreme Court.

Even House Speaker Paul Ryan, typically a supporter of Trump proposals, said on WVLK radio in Kentucky: "Well you obviously can not do that". The children, as citizens, can then sponsor their families to become United States citizens as well once they turn 21. "I'm concerned about any president trying to rewrite the constitution by themselves", King said.

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